SAP Foreign Currency Valuation
"SAP Foreign Currency Valuation" When it comes to financial reporting, accurate foreign currency valuation is a must. In SAP, foreign currency valuation involves converting all open items and balances in a foreign currency into the local currency. This includes accounts receivable and payable, as well as any other balances.
Advanced foreign currency valuation uses the balance transaction currency for valuations into functional currency. If you have not defined a rate type, the system will use the standard rate type from the settings. This valuation step can only supply a foreign currency write-up or write-down amount in valuation currency. Whereby: Book value of the position in position currency is converted to functional currency at the current exchange rate and then compared with the book value of that position in functional currency.
If you post in foreign currency, you can rate these consumption items to correct the receivables and payables accounts for financial statement preparations. When an SAP foreign currency valuation is done, all open items and balances in foreign currency will be converted to local currency using current exchange rates.
Foreign currency validation is about valuating transaction currency amount into local currency amount. The process of carrying out this conversion enables businesses to accurately report their financial statements in the correct currencies.
By carrying out foreign currency validation on a regular basis, businesses can ensure that their financial reporting is accurate and up-to-date, giving them peace of mind that their finances are being managed correctly and efficiently.To create your financial statements, you have to perform foreign currency valuation. Foreign currency valuation covers the following accounts and items:
- Foreign currency balance sheet accounts, that is, the G/L accounts that you manage in foreign currency.The balances of the G/L accounts that are not managed on an open item basis are valuated in foreign currency.
- Open items that were posted in foreign currency.Open items that are open on the key date are valuated in foreign currency.
- You can perform the valuation in local currency (that is, company code currency) or a parallel currency (for example, group currency).
- You can also use different valuation methods (for example, lowest value principle).
- You have defined exchange rates.For more information, see Exchange Rates.
- Define Valuation MethodsYou have defined a valuation method here.
- Define Valuation AreasHere, you have defined a valuation area and assigned a valuation method to it.
- Assign Valuation Areas and Accounting PrinciplesYou have assigned to the valuation area an accounting principle that is also assigned to a ledger group. The exchange rate differences from the parallel valuation are posted in this valuation area. If you perform parallel valuation with a different valuation method to the first valuation, you do not have to reverse the postings of the first valuation. This information is then available for subsequent closing operations, for example Transferring and Sorting Receivables and Payables
- Foreign Currency Valuation Prepare Automatic Postings for Foreign Currency Valuation.Here, you have defined the expense and revenue accounts for exchange rate differences from valuations. For payables and receivables accounts, you additionally need to have defined the financial statements adjustment accounts.
- Valuating Foreign Currency Balance Sheet Accounts
- Valuation of Open Items in Foreign Currencies
- Saving the exchange rate differences determined from the valuation per document
- Posting account assignments in valuation documents: